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An Introduction to Regional Economics
Edgar M. Hoover and Frank Giarratani
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Preface
1. Introduction
1.1 What is Regional Economics?
1.2 Three Foundation Stones
1.3 Regional Economic Problems and the Plan of This Book
Selected Readings
2. Individual Location Decisions
2.1 Levels of Analysis and Location Units
2.2 Objectives and Procedures for Location Choice
2.3 Location Factors
2.4 Spatial Patterns of Differential Advantage in Specific Location Factors
2.5 Transfer Orientation
2.6 Location and the Theory of Production
2.7 Scale Economies and Multiple Markets or Sources
2.8 Some Operational Shortcuts
2.9 Summary
Technical Terms Introduced in This Chapter
Selected Readings
3. Transfer Costs
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Some Economic Characteristics of Transfer Operations
3.3 Characteristic Features of Transfer Costs and Rates
3.4 Locational Significance of Characteristics of Transfer Rates
3.5 Some Recent Developments Concerning the Structure of Transfer Costs
3.6 Summary
Technical Terms Introduced in This Chapter
Selected Readings
Appendix 3-1 Rate Discrimination by a Transfer Monopolist
4. Location Patterns Dominated by Dispersive Forces
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Market Areas
4.3 Some Aspects of Spatial Pricing Policy and Market Areas
4.4 Competition and Location Decisions
4.5 Market Areas and the Choice of Locations
4.6 Summary
Technical Terms Introduced in This Chapter
Selected Readings
Appendix 4-1 Conditions Determining the Existence and Size of Market Areas
5. Location Patterns Dominated by Cohesion
5.1 Introduction
5.2 External Economies: Output Variety and Market Attraction
5.3 External Economies: Characteristics of the Production Process
5.4 Single-Activity Clusters and Urbanization
5.5 Mixed Situations
5.6 Summary
Technical Terms Introduced in This Chapter
Selected Readings
6. Land Use
6.1 What Is "Land"?
6.2 Competition for the Use of Land
6.3 An Activity's Demand for Land: Rent Gradients and Rent Surfaces
6.4 Interactivity Competition for Space
6.5 Rural and Urban Land Use Allocation
6.6 Residential Location
6.7 Rent and Land Value
6.8 Summary
Technical Terms Introduced in This Chapter
Selected Readings
Appendix 6-1. Derivation of Formulas for Rent Gradients and Their Slopes
7. The Spatial Structure of Urban Areas
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Some Location Factors
7.3. Symmetrical Monocentric Models of Urban Form
7.4 Differentiation by Sectors
7.5 Subcenters
7.6 Explaining Urban Form
7.7 Changes in Urban Patterns
7.8 Summary
Technical Terms Introduced in This Chapter
Selected Readings
8. The Location of Urban Places
8.1 Introduction
8.2 The Formation of a System of Cities
8.3 Trade Centers in an American Region-The Upper Midwest Study
8.4 Activities Extraneous to the Central-Place Hierarchy
8.5 Trends in Urban Patterns
8.6 Summary
Technical Terms Introduced in This Chapter
Selected Readings
Appendix 8-1 Trading-Area Boundaries Under Reilly's Law
Appendix 8-2 Concentration of U.S. Manufacturing Industries by Size Class of City
9. Regions
9.1 The Nature of a Region
9.2 Delimiting Functional Regions
9.3 Relations of Activities Within a Region
9.4 Regional Specialization
9.5 Summary
Technical Terms Introduced in This Chapter
Selected Readings
10. The Location of People
10.1 Introduction
10.2 A Look at Some Differentials
10.3 The Supply of Labor at a Location
10.4 Labor Orientation: The Demand for Labor at a Location
10.5 The Rationale of Labor Cost Differentials
10.6 Labor Cost Differentials and Employer Locations Within an Urban Labor Market Area
10.7 Summary
Technical Terms Introduced in This Chapter
Selected Readings
11. How Regions Develop
11.1 Some Basic Trends and Questions
11.2 What Causes Regional Growth?
11.3 The Role of Demand
11.4 The Role of Supply
11.5 Interregional Trade and Factor Movements
11.6 Interregional Convergence
11.7 The Role of Cities in Regional Development
11.8 External and Internal Factors in Regional Development
11.9 Summary
Technical Terms Introduced in This Chapter
Selected Readings
Appendix 11-1 Further Explanation of Basic Steps in Input-Output Analysis
Appendix 11-2 Example of an Input-Output Table with Households Included as an Endogenous Activity
12. Regional Objectives and Policies
12.1 The Growing Concern with Regional Development
12.2 Objectives
12.3 Regional Pathology: The Emergence of "Problem Areas"
12.4 The Available Tools
12.5 Basic Issues of Regional Development Strategy
12.6 The Role of Growth Centers
12.7 Aspects of United States Regional Development programs
12.8 Summary
Technical Terms Introduced in This Chapter
Selected Readings
Appendix 12-1 The Shift-Share Analysis of Components of Regional Activity Growth
13. Some Spatial Aspects of Urban Problems
13.1 Introduction
13.2 Downtown: Problems and Responses
13.3 Urban Poverty
13.4 Transporting People
13.5 Urban Fiscal Distress
13.6 The Value of Choice
13.7 Summary
Technical Terms Introduced in This Chapter
Selected Readings

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