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Migration and Local Labor Markets
Stephan J. Goetz, Penn State University

Brief Video Clip
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Table of Contents
1. Migration-Definition and Illustration
2. Migration-Its Effects and Why It Matters
2.1. Public sector issues
2.1.1. Net out-migration
2.1.2. Net in-migration
2.2. Private sector decision makers
2.2.1. Cost and benefit calculations
2.2.2. Labor mobility
2.2.3. Impacts on local businesses
2.3. Summary and conclusion
3. Americans' Living Preferences   
[Click here to view R. D. Norton web chapter]
4. Rural-Urban Migration Trends in the U.S.
4.1. The rural renaissance: part I (the 1970s)
4.2. The bi-coastal economy (the 1980s)
4.3. The rural renaissance: part II (the 1990s)
5. Urban and Suburban Migration
6. Barriers to Migration
6.1. A Taxonomy of barriers
6.2. Social capital considerations
6.3. The changing importance of barriers
7. Occupational Mobility
8. Return Migration
9. Retirement Migration
10. U.S. Migration Policy
11. Migration Patterns of Foreign Immigrants
12. Migration Issues in Foreign Countries
13. The State of Migration Research: Recent Areas of Emphasis
14. Summary
Exercises and Discussion Questions for Section I
Slide Show
1. Introduction and Overview
2. A General Theory of Migration
3. Amenity or Non-Employment-Based Migration
3.1. Climate and natural features
3.2. The Tiebout Hypothesis
4. Employment-Based and Related Migration Models
4.1. General early models
4.2. The Lowry synthesis
4.3. Models of in-migration
4.4. Models of out-migration
4.5. Models of place-to-place migration
5. Behavioral Models of Migration
6. Mobility Models
6.1. Mobility and non-traded goods
6.2. A dynamic model of mobility
6.3. Other determinants of mobility
7. Equilibrium vs. Disequilibrium Models of Migration
7.1. The importance of amenities
7.2. Accounting for differences in amenities and costs of living
7.3. Changes in demand for amenities
7.4. Compensating wage and rent differentials
7.5. Summary
8. Migration Dynamics
9. Summary
Exercises and Discussion Questions for Section II
Slide Show
1. Characteristics of Migrants vs. Places: Descriptive Studies
1.1.1. Age
1.1.2. Education
1.1.3. Income
1.1.4. Race
1.1.5. Marital status
1.1.6. Regional differences
1.1.7. Attachment to state-of-birth
1.2. Characteristics of migration origins and targets
1.3. Historical U.S. migration patterns
1.4. Other migrant and migration characteristics
1.4.1. Seasonality of moves
1.4.2. Duration of residence
2. Economic Studies of Migration Using OLS
2.1. Lowry's study
2.2. Time series data
2.3. Cross-sectional data
2.3.1. State-level
2.3.2. County-level
2.4. Studies estimating amenity values
3. Migration Studies Using Limited Dependent Variables Methods
3.1. Logit and probit probability models
3.2. Multiple choice models
4. McFadden's Model of Neighborhood and Community Choice
5. The Mover/Stayer Selectivity Model
6. Population and Net Migration Projections
7. Summary
Exercises and Discussion Questions for Section III
Slide Show
1. Definitional Issues
1.1. Time period of migration
1.2. Spatial unit of analysis for migration
2. Estimating Migration Flows
2.1. The residual or survival method
2.2. Data from the Census of Population
2.3. Estimating the components of migration
3. Other Measures of Migration
3.1. Transition probabilities
3.2. Gross and net migration rates
3.3. Migration efficiency
4. Migration Forecasting
4.1. Simple extrapolation
4.2. Ratio and related techniques
4.3. The Census Bureau method
4.4. A cautionary note about forecasts
5. Data Sources for Migration Studies
5.1. U.S. Census Bureau web site
5.1.1. The Current Population Survey
5.1.2. The Survey of Income and Program Participation
5.1.3. Population Estimates and Projections
5.1.4. The 1990 Census
5.2. The PUMS data set
5.3. The county-to-county migration file (STP28)
5.4. NLYS data set
5.5. IRS migration data
5.6. Data from moving companies
6. Migration-Related Sites on the WWW
6.1. A really neat site-check it out
6.2. People and place
6.3. The European Forum for Migration Studies (EFMS)
6.4. Links to Web sites of migration researchers
7. Summary
Exercises and Discussion Questions for Section IV
1. Definition of Local Labor Markets: Conceptual Issues
2. Local Labor Market Characteristics
2.1. Unemployment rate differences
2.2. Topel's local labor market study
2.3. Other local labor market characteristics
3. Delineating Local Labor Market Areas: Commuting
3.1. An operational definition of a local labor market
3.2. The Tolbert-Killian labor market areas
4. Tests for Spatial Association within Market Areas
5. The Spatial Mismatch Hypothesis
6. Summary
Exercises and Discussion Questions for Section V

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